Saturday, 2 April 2011

Asal usul sms 160 karakter

Harian LA Times melakukan sedikit investigasi untuk menelusuri sejarah SMS 160 karakter dan akhirnya berhasil menemukan orang yang paling bertanggung jawab: Friedhelm Hillebrand. Pria Jerman yang namanya sedikit asing ini memang tak menjadi kaya karena mengembangkan standar pembatasan karakter SMS tapi ia adalah orang yang berada di balik pembatasan itu.

Pada tahun 1985 Friedhelm duduk di depan mesin tiknya dan berusaha menyelidiki panjang maksimal sebuah text message. Ia menulis beberapa kata hingga menjadi kalimat dan menemukan bahwa ia selalu menggunakan total karakter huruf di bawah 160. Ia kemudian menetapkan angka 160 sebagai angka ajaibnya dan memaksakan standar baru pada semua GSM carrier. Ia bisa melakukannya karena jabatannya sebagai pimpinan dari nonvoice services committee of the Global System for Mobile Communications Group pada 1986. Memang kisah ini sudah bergulir puluhan tahun silam, tapi gaungnya masih terasa sampai sekarang.

Hari ini kita masih terjebak dengan pembatasan 160 karakter yang ?Ajaib? itu dan terus menerus mencari cara baru untuk mengkombinasikan dan menyingkat kata-kata agar kita bisa beradaptasi dengan pembatasan itu.

9 comments:

  1. I have read somewhere about it that the difficulty of composing such lengthy messages on a handheld keyboard (or telephone keypad, in past days), the inability of the existing networks at the time to carry such bandwidth-heavy transmissions, and the remarkable low ratio of content to words found in previous forms of correspondence, the creators decided at once to impose a limit on the number of characters one could include in a single SMS message: namely one hundred sixty characters, as mentioned above.

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